If you have a Shih Tzu at home and you are the type of person who likes to cook, you might already be used by now to having them around while you’re preparing your food. We know what it’s like and we have to admit being guilty to sometimes giving up to their cute puppy eyes and ends up giving them some of the food that we’re cooking. However, there are types of food that are not safe for your Shih Tzu and you should never share with them if you don’t want to compromise their health.

In this article, we’ll be talking about the foods that you should never give your Shih Tzu because it can potentially harm them. Take some notes so that the next time you try to give your Shih Tzu food from your kitchen, you’ll be at ease knowing that they can safely eat and enjoy it.

CHOCOLATE

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - CHOCOLATE

Chocolate has an ingredient called Theobromine which is very toxic to dogs. Although it’s only black or pure chocolates that have a high concentration of it, it’s best to stay safe and not give your Shih Tzu any type of chocolate at all including white chocolate. When consumed, either in small or large quantities, it can greatly harm your Shih Tzu’s organs and can even be the cause of their death.

Some of the negative effects of consuming chocolate in Shih Tzus include excessive thirst, panting, diarrhea, vomiting, tremors, seizures, and hyperactivity. If they eat a lot of it, your Shih Tzu can go into comatose and eventually die.

DAIRIES LIKE MILK, ICE CREAM OR CHEESE

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - DAIRIES LIKE MILK, ICE CREAM OR CHEESE

Unlike humans, Shih Tzus do not have the enzyme lactase that is responsible for breaking down lactose. Hence, milk, ice cream, and even cheese can cause intestinal disorders or diarrhea to our Shih Tzu. The only milk they can consume is the one from their mother and those specially formulated for dogs.

AVOCADOS, GRAPES, AND SEEDS OF CERTAIN FRUITS

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - AVOCADOS, GRAPES, AND SEEDS OF CERTAIN FRUITS

Although there are fruits that are beneficial to our Shih Tzus, there are those that are not. The avocado, for example, has a toxin called Persina that can cause allergy and digestive and respiratory problems to your Shih Tzu.

Grapes and raisins are also harmful because they can cause kidney failure to your Shih Tzu even when consumed in just small quantities.

As for apples, peaches, and apricots, the flesh of the fruit itself is not harmful to your Shih Tzu but the seeds contain a small amount of cyanide that your Shih Tzu’s body can’t process or digest.

ONION, GARLIC, LEEK

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - ONION, GARLIC, LEEK

Onions, garlic, leeks, chives, and shallots (all from the same family) have a substance called Thiosulfate capable of causing hemophiliac anemia (by destroying red blood cells) if eaten a couple of times. Of all of them, the most dangerous is without a doubt, garlic.

CERTAIN NUTS

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - CERTAIN NUTS

In addition to the aforementioned raisins, nuts such as Macadamia nuts can be toxic to Shih Tzus in amounts as small as 2 g. The same is true for other nuts such as almonds or walnuts, which have high amounts of oils and fats and can cause pancreatitis if eaten in huge amounts.

WATCH OUT FOR BONES AND LIVER

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - WATCH OUT FOR BONES AND LIVER

Although it’s common to see a Shih Tzu eating bone and liver, the truth is that not all of these are safe for them.

Small bones such as that of chicken and fish are very dangerous and can cause suffocation because they can get stuck in the throat. Furthermore, if you give your Shih Tzu large and uncooked bones, they can chip more easily and cause internal bleeding.

Liver is another food that’s not recommended for your Shih Tzu because it contains a large amount of vitamin A that a Shih Tzu’s body doesn’t usually work with. If given in small portions and occasionally, it does not pose danger. In fact, it’s commonly used in natural food diet like the BARF but it’s always better to give it to your Shih Tzu cooked than raw.

DO NOT GIVE THEM CANDY OR SUGAR

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - DO NOT GIVE THEM CANDY OR SUGAR

All sweets can be considered as dangerous foods for Shih Tzus. Sugar is a food that should be avoided since it can cause obesity and in some cases, diabetes. In both cases, there can be long-term complications such as loss of vision.

In the case of foods without sugar, special care must be taken with those that have Xylitol, a sweetener that is usually used in chewing gum, toothpaste, or candy. Xylitol can cause vomiting, convulsions, lethargy, lack of coordination, impaired gums, and in severe cases, internal bleeding. It can also result in the pancreas releasing more insulin than necessary.

CAFFEINE, ALCOHOL AND OTHER STIMULANTS

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - CAFFEINE, ALCOHOL AND OTHER STIMULANTS

Substances such as coffee or alcohol are drugs that stimulate our bodies and we have the ability to tolerate them but it’s the opposite for dogs. Under no circumstances should they consume these types of drinks because it can cause poisoning.

If you want to enjoy or share a beer with your Shih Tzu, then buy one that’s specially formulated for dogs.

BEWARE OF YEAST

Food That You Shouldn't Give to Your Shih Tzu - BEWARE OF YEAST

Yeast is especially toxic in the stomach of your Shih Tzu because it can result to gases in the respiratory system. Excessive consumption of sourdoughs can have the same effect.